The Cathedral is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila, it is considered as one of the most important churches in the Philippines. Cathedral-Basilica (also known as the Cathedral-Basilica of the Immaculate Conception) is located in the district of Manila, Philippines. It is dedicated to the Patroness of the Philippines, Blessed Virgin Mary under the title Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception. The Church has a history of being destroyed and rebuilt several times.
- Cathedral, made of nipa and bamboo was constructed in 1581. It was damaged by a typhoon in 1582 and razed by fire in 1583
- The Cathedral made of stone, was built in 1592 again it was destroyed by an earthquake in 1600.
- Structure consisting of three naves and seven chapels, was sanctified in 1614 and it was destroyed by an earthquake which rocked Manila in 1645.
- Cathedral was constructed from 1654 to 1671having a magnificent structure and it was severely damaged in 1863 by a very strong.
- The Cathedral was constructed from 1870–1879, this manifestation of the Cathedral was reduced to rubble by the bombing in 1945 during the Battle of Manila.
- The present cathedral was constructed from 1954 to 1958, under the supervision of architect Fernando Ocampo. It was elevated to the rank of minor basilica in 1981 by Pope John Paul II.