Originally the Collins Street Independent Church, a Congregational Union of Australia church and later Collins Street Uniting Church, it has become well known as a centre of liberal theology and political radicalism. St Michael’s Church is a unique church in the heart of the city. St Michael’s Church façade is one of Melbourne’s landmarks and the interior is unusual quiet beauty. The first church on this site was built in 1839, one of the first churches in the Port Phillip District (now the state of Victoria). The original church was demolished in 1866 to make way for the larger church. The church was designed by Architect Joseph Reed. The building is in the Lombardic architectural style, with multi-coloured exterior brickwork, open cloisters on the side of the building and Romanesque arches. the bicentennial windows are a rare expression of visual theology – the largest display of existential-religious stained glass in the Southern Hemisphere.