The Metropolitan Cathedral of Brasilia is surprisingly small from the outside, but once you descend through the walkway, you get into the brightest and most spacious church. The floors and walls are made of white marble, with an expanse of glass overhead. The altar is surprisingly sparse, white marble decorated with a plain Image of Christ on the cross. On 12th September 1958, the Cathedral’s cornerstone was laid. The Metropolitan Cathedral of Brasilia is an expression of the geniality of the architect Oscar Niemeyer. In 1960, the Cathedral’s structure was finished, and only the 70 m diameter of the circular area and the 16 concrete columns were visible. These columns, having parabolic section and weighing 90 t, represent two hands moving upwards to heaven. The Cathedral was dedicated on the 31st May, 1970. Four bronze sculptures 3 m high, representing the Evangelists, can be seen at the external square in the entrance of the Temple. These sculptures were made with the help of the sculptor Dante Croce, in 1968. Inside the nave, three sculptures of angels are suspended by steel cables. The smallest angel has 2.22 m of length and weighs 100 kg. The medium one has 3.40 m of length and weighs 200 kg. The big one has 4.25 m of length and 300 kg weighs. The sculptures were made by Alfredo Ceschiatti, with the help of Dante Croce, in 1970. Having an oval form, the Baptistery has its walls covered by a panel of ceramic tiles painted in 1977 by Athos Bulcão. The local architecture is completed by a bell tower. Its four big bells were donated by Spain. Inside the crypt, there is a reproduction of the Shroud of Turin. The Shroud of Turin is the piece of pure linen cloth that was used to cover the body of Jesus Christ after his crucifixion and before He was laid in the Holy Sepulcher. The original one is today at Turin, Italy (that is why it is known as the Shroud of Turin). It is 4.36 M in length and 1.10 M in width. On the cloth there are stains of human blood, with the marks of Jesus of Nazareth‘s scourging and torment. This cloth is the biggest evidence that Jesus existed indeed and what he suffered.
- Shroud of Turin: The Work of a Renaissance Artist? (history.com)