Universal Church of the Kingdom of God (UCKG) (Igreja Universal do Reino de) is a Pentecostal Christian denomination founded in 1977 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil by Edir Macedo, its self-appointed bishop. The Universal Church of the Kingdom of God (UCKG) owes its successful evangelistic program to Bishop Robert McAlister, a Canadian missionary in the Pentecostal tradition. Today there are approximately 5,000 churches in Brazil, with the headquarters in Rio de Janeiro holding up to 12,000 people at a time. It had established temples in the United Kingdom and, since 1992, set up temples in Africa and in India, gaining millions of members overseas. The church identifies with Prosperity Theology, and in the late 1990s started trying to change its image of being associated with the poorest people. In 1998 Macedo appointed his nephew Marcelo Crivella as Bishop. Crivella said, “We want to win the middle class”. The church has frequently been accused of illegal activities, including money laundering, charlatanism, and witchcraft. The church is accused of extracting money from its often poor congregants, and using it to enrich UCKG leaders rather than assisting the needy. Accusations of charlatanism are the most frequent. The church has been under formal investigation in Belgium. Newspapers in the US, UK, Brazil and Zambia have reported on abuses charged against the church.